An inguinal hernia is tissue that bulges out of a weak spot in the abdominal wall of the groin. The simple existence of this type of hernia is not always enough to require surgery, as it is not necessarily dangerous. The condition, however, can’t heal itself, and tends to worsen over time, potentially leading to a strangulated hernia (when the blood supply to the intestine is cut off), which can be life-threatening.
There are three types of repairs for an inguinal hernia: Herniotomy (removal of the hernial sac only), Herniorrhaphy (herniotomy plus repair of the posterior wall of the inguinal canal), and Hernioplasty (herniotomy plus reinforcement of the posterior wall of the inguinal canal with a synthetic mesh).
The Lichtenstein hernia clinic developed the “tension-free” mesh technique in 1984 (an example of Hernioplasty), and it is now considered the benchmark against which all other procedures are measured. In the standard Lichtenstein repair, the mesh is placed over the hernia’s opening. Over time, the mesh acts as a brace for the growth of new tissue that reinforces the abdominal wall. The surgery is mostly on an outpatient basis, and within three weeks the mesh is a smoothly integrated part of the patient’s body, becoming entwined with native tissue.
If you need a surgeon with expertise in inguinal hernia repairs, schedule an appointment with Dr. El-Ghazzawy today.